Subaru Legacy/Outback

1999-2003 of release

Repair and operation of the car

Subaru of Legasi, Autbek
+ Cars Subaru Legacy, Outback
- Operation manual
   + Access, protection
   + Elements of security systems
   + Equipment of the car, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
   + Comfort
   - Methods of operation
      Main cautions
      Running in of the new car
      Gas station of the car
      Control of level of engine oil
      Control of level of cooling liquid of the engine
      Transportation of goods in the car
      Start of the engine
      Engine stop
      Features of driving with a manual box of gear shifting
      Features of driving with automatic transmission
      Features of control of the all-wheel drive car
      Features of operation of the car equipped with system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel (GUR)
      Features of driving, the equipped antiretractable device, - models with RKPP (at the corresponding complete set)
      Features of driving, VDC equipped with system of dynamic stabilization (at the corresponding complete set)
      Control system of speed (tempostat)
      Electric air suspension bracket (at the corresponding complete set)
      Automatic adjustment of height of provision of a back suspension bracket (Outback model)
      Recommendations about economy of fuel consumption
      Features of operation of the car equipped with the catalytic converter
      Parking of the car
      Recommendations about driving of the car in adverse weather conditions
      Operation of the car in the conditions of winter
      Towage of the trailer
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box and differential
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment


Towage of the trailer

 The wrong placement of baggage, and also transportation of too heavy freights on the car or the towed trailer can worsen considerably controllability and brake properties of transport means / road train that it is fraught with creation of an emergency on roads! Before a start of motion always attentively check correctness of loading of the car and trailer!

The full mass of the trailer including its own weight and mass of the freight placed in it should not exceed the limit admissible mass of the towed trailer. The limit admissible mass of the trailer depends on that, it is equipped with brake mechanisms, or not.

The maximum vertical load of the hook-on device of the car with a full mass of the trailer should not exceed 75 kgfs. For trailers with a full weight up to 500 kg it is necessary to adhere to the following rule: vertical load of a turnbuckle has to make about 10% of the full mass of the trailer. For example, if the full mass of the trailer with freight is equal 225 kg, vertical load of the hook-on device has to make about 22.5 kgfs. Adjust load of a car turnbuckle, as appropriate placing freight on the trailer. For a start it is recommended to place freight so that about 60% of its weight were ahead of a trailer axis, and 40% - behind. If the full mass of the trailer exceeds 500 kg, try to distribute freight on trailer length more evenly. Never load the trailer so that the back part of the trailer outweighed a lobby, is leads to unloading of back wheels of the car that worsens coupling of tires with a paving.

The full mass of the car and the towed trailer should not exceed the corresponding maximum admissible values (see Specifications).

 The full mass of the car includes: the equipped mass of the car, mass of the driver, passengers and baggage, mass of the hook-on device and the mass of the trailer falling on it. Remember that the mass of the additional equipment installed on the car and the mass of the trailer falling on a turnbuckle (at towage of the trailer), reduce the useful loading capacity of the vehicle by the corresponding sizes.

The most reliable way of check of correctness of loading of the car and trailer is weighing. Load the car and the trailer as they are usually exploited as a part of the road train, and weigh them on cargo scales. Define values of full mass of the car and the trailer, and also masses falling on axes of the car and trailer. Compare results of measurements to requirements of Specifications.

Hook-on device

 Installation of the hook-on devices which are not corresponding on the standard sizes to mass-dimensional characteristics of the trailer, or incorrectly established on the car, can become the reason of damage of body elements of the vehicle!

The design of the hook-on device intended for installation on the car has to meet all necessary requirements completely. In case of need consult at car repair shop of the Subaru company.

The hook-on device has to fasten in several specially provided points on the basis of a car body that loadings from the towed trailer were distributed more evenly and fell on elements of strengthening of a body. It is forbidden to mount the hook-on devices leaning only on a rear bumper which is not intended for perception of similar loads of the car. Installation of a turnbuckle has to be made by qualified personnel of car service.

Stabilizer of the coupling device

Violation of course stability of a safety lock at towage of the trailer can be minimized due to use of the stabilizer of the hook-on device, - address on firm car repair shops Subaru.

If trailer weight with freight exceeds 1500 kg, the stabilizer needs to be used without fail.

 Use of the stabilizer will not damage even if trailer weight with freight makes less than 1500 kg.

Rear-view mirrors

Towage of the large-size trailer (Caravan type) usually demands installation on the car of additional rear-view mirrors with the extended arms. Specify the requirements of the local legislation and Traffic regulations concerning towage of trailers cars. Attach the trailer to the car and estimate extent of deterioration of a rearview through standard rear-view mirrors. If the review unsatisfactory, for reasons of safety it is necessary to equip the special mirrors providing to the driver the adequate review of space behind the car.

Connection of the trailer to the car

At acquisition of the trailer equipped with brake mechanisms, track that the last had the electric drive of management, - the design of the hydraulic drive of working brake system of the car does not provide possibility of connection to it of any additional contours, in particular, for actuating of brake mechanisms of the trailer. Any option of connection to a brake hydraulic actuator of the car of brake system of the trailer, what attractive it would not seem, will lead to deterioration of efficiency of braking of the car and decrease in traffic safety.

Connecting the trailer to the car, always use a safety chain. The ends of a safety chain have to be reliably fixed to the corresponding places on the dyshl of the trailer and on the hook-on device of the car. Track that the chain passed under dyshly the trailer, is will prevent falling of the forward end of a dyshl on the road in case of a hitch rassoyedineniye. Free length of a chain has to be sufficient not to disturb commission of turns of the road train with the minimum radiuses, however, it is not necessary to allow drawings of a chain on the ground.

Devices of external lighting and the alarm system on the trailer

As on trailers of various brands various laying of an electrical wiring can be used, the equipment of a turnbuckle should be charged to specialists of car service. In certain cases installation of a transitional nozzle (adapter) can be demanded.

Before connecting electric equipment of the trailer to the car power supply network, surely consult at car repair shop.

Preparation for towage of the trailer

Before a start of motion it is necessary to make control survey and check of the car and trailer.

Measure the vertical loading falling on the hook-on device, - use usual bathroom scales.

Check reliability of fastening of a dyshl of the trailer and a safety chain.

Check technical condition of tires and pressure of air in tires on the car and the trailer. The lowered air pressure in tires considerably worsens controllability of the car and the road train. At the same time check a state and pressure of air in a spare wheel.

Having completely loaded and having attached the trailer to the car, make sure of lack of excessive "flash" of back part of the car, - in case of need freight in the car/trailer.

Check serviceability of functioning of devices of external lighting and the alarm system on the car and the trailer.

Specify the operating restrictions of traffic regulations on the maximum speed of the movement of the road train as a part of the car and the trailer. Planning to make a trip over several countries, in advance examine features of the local requirements and restrictions concerning towage of the trailer the car as in each country the restrictions can work.

 In the European countries restriction of speed of the movement of the road train as a part of the car and the trailer is established at the level of 100 km/h.

Security measures at towage of the trailer

It is necessary to consider that the brake way of the car towing the trailer increases. Therefore, moving with the trailer, you should support the increased distance to ahead the going car. Try to avoid sharp braking and turns. It can lead to folding of the road train or even a turning of the trailer.

Remember that road train length considerably exceeds length of the single car. At turn to the right leave between edge of a carriageway and wheels of the right board of the car the bigger distance, than usually is considerable to avoid arrival by trailer wheels on a border. Consider that at turn of the road train the trailer moves on an arch of smaller radius, than the car, and can run or face an obstacle which the car freely passed. When overtaking other vehicle do not hurry to come back to the row as it can lead to collision of the overtaken car with the trailer.

The road train, in comparison with the single car, is more sensitive to action of rushes of a side wind and aerodynamic indignations from other cars. If you are overtaken at great speed by the heavy truck or the road train, try to support rectilinear and uniform motion of the car. To reduce the aerodynamic indignations operating on the road train from ahead the going car reduce speed to leave a turbulent stream.

At towage of the trailer load of all main units and systems of the car increases. Therefore at frequent use of the car for towage of the trailer it is necessary to carry out periodic maintenance of the car according to regulations, characteristic for intense service conditions (see the Head Routine maintenance).

Additional load of the car even more increases at operation of the road train in the hilly district. When overcoming long rises watch closely temperature condition of the engine according to the strelochny index on a control panel. At approach of an arrow of the index to an overheat zone, switch off the air conditioner (if it is equipped and included) and continue the movement. If temperature of cooling liquid of the engine does not decrease, or continues to increase, stop on a roadside and let's the engine cool down.

 The conditioner of air should be switched off also at prompt increase in speed on descent at the movement in a hilly or hilly terrain. If temperature of cooling liquid of the engine constantly increases at the movement on the second transfer, reduce movement speed below a mark of 60 km/h.

At the movement in a hilly or hilly terrain cyclic switching of the third and fourth transfers of automatic transmission can be observed. In this case it is necessary to pass into the lowered range of "D3" that will prevent an overheat and excessive wear of details of the AT frictional elements. In order to avoid an overheat of brake mechanisms at the movement on long descents use braking by the engine. For effective braking by the engine include the lowered range or one of the lowest steps of an automatic transmission.

At a road train stop on rise do not hold it on a place by pressing of a pedela of gas, is can lead to AT overheat. Use working brake system, or the parking brake.

At management of automatic transmission in the manual mode use the third, second and first transfers, being conformed with a speed of the movement of the car and road conditions. Towing the trailer, do not include the fourth transfer. The recommended high-speed ranges for use of various steps of a transmission are specified in Specifications.

Zaparkovyvy the road train on the long parking, especially on descent or rise, take all precautionary measures for reliable braking of the car and the trailer. Turn forward wheels of the car so that when rolling the road train they rested against curbstone. Completely cock the parking brake and transfer the lever of the selector of ranges to situation "P". On the models equipped with RKPP include the first, or reverse gear. In addition enclose antiretractable boots under both wheels of the trailer.

The control of road train at the movement by a backing presents certain difficulties and demands from the driver of special skills and training. Move a backing carefully and slowly, do not rotate excessively quickly steering wheel. When maneuvering by a backing in limited space it is useful that someone, standing outside, watched movements of the trailer and directed your actions. Keep in mind that at rotation of a steering wheel clockwise (to the right) the trailer moves to the left, and vice versa. When maneuvering the road train the backing recommends to hold a rim of a steering wheel from below (and not from above, as usual, at the movement by the forward course). At such successful fellow habitual compliance between the direction of turn of a steering wheel and the movement of the trailer remains: shift of a hand leads to turn of the trailer also to the left to the left and vice versa.